Top 10 Places You Must Visit In Japur

1.Amer Fort

About
Amer Fort (Hindi: अमेर किला) also known as Amber fort is a Fort situated in Amer, Rajasthan, India. Amer is a town with a location of 4 square kilometers (1.5 sq mi) located 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) from Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Located high up on a hill, it is the tourist attraction destination in Jaipur. The town of Amer was originally built by Meenas, and later it was ruled by Raja Man Singh (December 21, 1550– July 6, 1614). Amer Fort is known for its imaginative Hindu design elements. With its large ramparts and collection of gates and cobbled paths, the Fort overlooks Maota Lake, which is the major source of water for the Amer Palace.

Constructed of red sandstone and marble, the appealing, luxurious place is laid out on 4 levels, each with a courtyard. It consists of the Diwan-i-Aam, or “Hall of Public Audience”, the Diwan-i-Khas, or “Hall of Private Audience”, the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and also the Sukh Niwas where a trendy environment is synthetically produced by winds that blow over a water waterfall within the royal pala

Thus, the Amer Fort is also popularly known as the Amer Palace. The palace was the residence of the Rajput Maharajas as well as their families. At the entryway to the palace near the fort’s Ganesh Gate, there is a temple dedicated to Shila Devi, a goddess of the Chaitanya cult, which was provided to Raja Man Singh when he beat the Raja of Jessore, Bengal in 1604. (Jessore is currently in Bangladesh).

This Palace, along with Jaigarh Fort, is located immediately above on the Cheel ka Teela (Hillside of Eagles) of the very same Aravalli range of hills. The palace and also Jaigarh Fort is considered one complex, as both are attached by a subterranean passage. This passage was indicated as an escape path in times of war to allow the royal family members and others in the Amer Fort to shift to the much more redoubtable Jaigarh Fort. Annual tourist visitation to the Amer Palace was reported by the Superintendent of the Department of Archaeology as well as Museums as 5000 visitors a day, with 1.4 million visitors during 2007. At the 37th session of the World Heritage Board kept in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, in 2013, Amer Fort, together with 5 various other forms of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan.

History:-
A view of the fort at Amer in Rajasthan; a watercolor by William Simpson, c.1860 The settlement at Amer was founded by Raja Alan Singh, a ruler from the Chanda clan of Meenas in 967 CE. The Amer Fort, as it stands now, was built over the remnants of this earlier structure during the reign of Raja Man Singh, the Kachwaha King of Amer. The structure was fully expanded by his descendant, Jai Singh I. Even later, Amer Fort underwent improvements and additions by successive rulers over the next 150 years, until the Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II, in 1727.
Takeover of Amer Fort by Kachwahas – The very first Rajput structure was begun by Raja Kakil Dev when Amber became his capital in 1036 site of existing day Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. Much of Amber’s existing buildings were started or expanded during the power of Raja Man Singh I in the 1600s. Amongst the chief building is the Diwan-i-Khas in Amber Palace of Rajasthan as well as the elaborately repainted Ganesh Poll built by the Mirza Raja Jai Singh I.

The present Amer Royal Palace, was produced in the late 16th century, as a bigger royal palace to the already existing home of the rulers. The older palace, referred to as Kadimi Mahal (Persian for ancient) is known to be the oldest enduring palace in India. This ancient palace sits in the valley behind the Amer Palace.

Amer was known in the medieval duration as Dhundar (significance credited to a sacrificial mount in the western frontiers) and also ruled by the Kachwahas from the 11th century onwards– in between 1037 and also 1727 AD, till the capital was moved from Amer to Jaipur. The history of Amer is indelibly connected to these rules as they established their empire at Amer.
Most of the ancient structures of the Middle Ages period of the Meenas have actually been either destroyed or changed. Nevertheless, the 16th-century impressive towers of the Amer Fort and the palace complicated within it built by the Rajput Maharajas are extremely well maintained.

Things to Do
Undertake a trekking trip to the surrounding hills
Indulge in some handicraft and art work shopping at the stalls and handicraft shops in Amer town
Take a ride on elephant inside the fort, costing Rs.900 for two persons
Attend the light shows in the evening, available in English and Hindi

10 Interesting Facts About Amber Fort and Palace

  1. Located in Amber, 11 kms north-east of Jaipur, Amber Fort was the capital of the Kachhawa Rajputs before Jaipur was built
    2.Amber takes its name from Amba Mata, the fertility and earth goddess of the Minas
    3.Of all the Rajput palaces and forts, Amber Palace is the most romantic
    4.Amber Fort is reflected in the pretty Maota Lake, making it look like a magic castle in a fairyland
    5.A popular attraction at the foot of the hill is an elephant ride that takes tourists up to Amber Fort
    6.The most beautiful palace within Amber Fort is the Sheesh Mahal or the Palace of Mirrors
    7.A particular attraction here is the “magic flower” fresco carved in marble which has seven unique designs of fish tail, a lotus, a hooded cobra, an elephant trunk, a lion’s tail, a cob of corn and a scorpion
    8.The most striking gateway is the two-storey Ganesh Pol decorated with intricate paintings and delicate jali screens
    9.A 2-km tunnel connects Amber Fort with Jaigarh Fort; visitors can walk through part of this tunnel
    10.Amber Fort can be entered on a composite ticket which allows entry on the same day to Nahargarh Fort, Jantar Mantar and Hawa Maha

Importance
The Amer Fort, situated in Amber, 11 kilometers from Jaipur, is one of the most famous forts of Rajasthan. Amer, originally, was the capital of the state before Jaipur. It is an old fort, built in 1592 by Raja Man Singh. This fort is also very popularly known as the Amer Palace.

Best Time To Visit:-
The fort is best visited around 4 PM, when the sun is not directly overhead but there is still enough light to explore. After you have explored the fort, climb to the top for a breath-taking view of the beautiful sunset

2.Jaigarh Fort

About:-
The Jaigarh Fort is a majestic stronghold built by Sawan Jai Singh II. This almost-intact fort is surrounded by huge battlements and is connected to the Amer Fort (also called 'Amber' Fort), with subterranean passages. Originally built to protect the Amer Fort and the palace within the complex, the Jaigarh Fort is architecturally similar to the Amer Fort, and offers a panoramic view of the city of Jaipur. The fort houses the world's largest cannon on wheels, a majestic palace complex and the assembly hall of the warriors known as 'Shubhat Niwas' along with a museum and an armory. Apart from the intricate architecture of the fort, the fort was also renowned for a huge treasure that was believed to be buried under the fort. It is now said that the government of Rajasthan seized the treasure when it was discovered in the 1970s. The Jaigarh Fort was built to secure Jaipur City and the Amer fort from warlords and rivals.

History:-
History also says that Jaigarh Fort is as old as the Amer Fort. The fort was built by Meenas during their rule in Amer. Since they worshipped Goddess Amba so they named the town as Amer or Amber.

Jaigarh Fort under Kachwahas
Kachwahas took over the city of Amer from Meenas and ruled during the Mughal period and later. During the rule of Aurungzeb, the fort was given to Raja Jai Singh II who renovated the fort. Raja Jai Singh also built the city of Jaipur which was his dream project. Like Jaigarh fort, Jaipur was also planned by Vidyadhar.
Jaigarh Fort during Mughal Period
During the Mughal period, the fort was used to keep weapons which was used in the wars. During the rule of Shah Jahan, Dara Shikoh looked after the work in the fort. When he was killed by his brother Aurungzeb, the fort came under Raja Jai Singh who renovated the fort.

During the rule of Akbar, Raja Maan Singh accepted to come under Akbar’s rule through a treaty. It was stated in the treaty that the kingdom that Maan Singh will win will come under Mughal rule and the treasure will belong to Maan Singh. He won many places in Afghanistan and others and got a huge treasure which was kept in Jaigarh Fort. Jaigarh Fort is also known as Victory Fort as nobody was able to capture the fort.
The walls of the fort are very thick and are made up of red sandstone. The length of the fort is 3km and the width is 1km. There are many structures built inside the fort which include Laxmi Vilas, Lalit Mandir, Aram Mandir, and Vilas Mandir. Besides all these, the fort has a beautiful garden which still exists. The largest cannon on wheels, known as Jaivana, is also there in the fort.

Things to Do
There are various attractions near Jaigarh Fort and you can cover many of the places in a day’s tour.

Interesting Facts About Jaigarh Fort
1.Jaigarh Fort was one of the main cannon foundries during Emperor Shah Jahan’s rule as there were many rich iron ore mines in the region.
2.Did you know that two former rulers of Jaigarh Fort, Major General Man Singh II and Sawai Bhawani Singh also served in the Indian Army post Independence?
3.The main attraction of the fort is the Jaivana Cannon, one of the largest cannons at the time, weighing 50 tonnes and having a 20.19 feet barrel and 11 inch diameter. As the canno rests on four wheels instead of two, it could be turned in 360 degrees, thus making it possible to fire in all the four directions. Since, there were no bitter relations with the Mughals then and there was peace, the cannon was fired only once.
4.Though a strong and beautiful fort, it was never home to any rulers but was mainly used for manufacturing artilleries.
5.Built of red sandstone, this is a fortified fort and still maintains its magnificence and pride.
6.It is the watchtower that is the best place in the fort to be as it gives an astounding view of the splendid environs.
7.There are two temples within the fort premises – Kal Bhairav Temple was built in the 12th century while the Ram Harihar Temple is a 10th century construction; a must-visit.
8.Jaigarh Fort was in news in 1977 when the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was said to have launched a treasure hunt in the fort premises. Though the search by an army unit continued for three months, they didn’t find anything. Bad news for others but good news for the fort as it was left undisturbed.

Importance
Jaigarh Fort was a centre of artillery production for the Rajputs. It is now home to the Jaivana – at the time of its manufacture in 1720, it was the world's largest cannon on wheels of the Early Modern Era. The foundry where it was manufactured is also located here.

Best Time to Visit
October to February

3.Jal Mahal

About
Jal Mahal is one of the most splendid architectural palaces sitting in the centre of Man Singh Lake on the outskirts of Jaipur. This masterful creation was earlier a shooting lodge for the Maharajas, but now it has become the most famous spot for sightseeing in Jaipur. Jal Mahal was built by Maharaja Madho Singh in the 1750s for himself and his companions to rest after their duck hunting endeavours. Jal Mahal is a four storeyed building built with red sandstone.

It offers a breathtaking view of the Nahargarh hills and Man Sagar Lake that border it. The most alluring feature of this mahal is that four storeys of this site are submerged underwater, and only one storey lies above the water level. It has a garden at the top that consists of varieties of trees and beautiful flowers.

Jal Mahal is extremely popular among the visitors for it’s striking architecture and detailed craftsmanship. This palace has been built by combining Rajput and Mughal style of architecture. Due to it’s alluring beauty and rich architectural magnificence it has also been touted as one of the most photographed sites in India. The entry is prohibited inside the fort but you can have a view of this magnificent fort from a considerable distance

History
Jal Mahal, one of the top places to visit in Jaipur, doesn’t have any recorded history about who built it or when. However, it is popularly believed that Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh constructed Jal Mahal in 1799 to serve as a hunting lodge during his duck shooting trips. Some people also credit Maharaja Madho Singh I for the construction of this palace and date its origins back to the 1750s. Regardless of who built the palace, it was never meant to be used as a regular palace for living.

Later, the palace was renovated by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber in the 18th century. Over the years, the structure suffered subsidence due to partial seepage of lake water and waterlogging issues. After several years of deterioration and neglect, renovation works were carried out in the early part of the 21st century to restore the palace into its former glory. Though the palace and many of its features have been restored, its original terrace garden could not be salvaged. Plans are on to create a new terrace garden modeled on the rooftop garden of the famous Amer Palace in Jaipur

Architecture
Jal Mahal stands in the middle of a lake that has a maximum depth of 15 feet and a minimum depth of 4.9 feet. It is a five-storied structure built in the Rajput style of architecture, with influences of the Mughal architectural style. While four of its stories remain under water, only the top story remains visible, giving you an impression that the palace is floating on the waters of the lake.

Jal Mahal has been constructed out of red sandstone. Four elaborate chhatris designed in octagonal shape adorn the four corners of the palace. A huge Bengal-style rectangular chhatri also exists on the roof of the palace. In its heyday, the terrace garden of Jal Mahal was decorated with arched passages.

Things to do

  1. A romantic boat ride
  2. Shopping in the local market
  3. Camel ride
  4. Sightseeing
  5. Flaunt your photography skills

Interesting Jal Mahal Facts
It is also known as Romance Palace because of its exotic environment and architecture.
Kings use to spend their leisure time in this palace with their ladies.
The reflection of the palace in lake gives illusion of multi storeys.
Actually only one storey is over the water level.
Decorative lights brighten up the palace in night.

Importance
However, it is popularly believed that Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh constructed Jal Mahal in 1799 to serve as a hunting lodge during his duck shooting trips. Some people also credit Maharaja Madho Singh I for the construction of this palace and date its origins back to the 1750s.

Best Time To Visit
The best time to visit Jal Mahal is during the rainy season when the weather becomes even more pleasant. The rain imparts a great edge to the stunning look of the sandstone of this palace and makes it look extremely stunning. People especially prefer to visit this spot during October as the weather is extremely pleasant during this month.

4.Hawa Mahal

About
Hawa Mahal Situated at Badi Choupad, Pink City of Jaipur, Hawa Mahal was built in 1799. It has 953 windows on the outside walls. The honeycomb shaped and beautifully carved windows allow breeze to blow through the palace and makes it a perfect summer palace. It was built as an extension to the City Palace nearby. See below for more information about Hawa Mahal.

History
Hawa Mahal was built by Kachhwaha Rajput ruler Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799. When the maharaja saw the structure of Khetri Mahal in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, he was so impressed that he decided to build a palace modeled on it. Hawa Mahal, also called the Palace of Breeze, was the result of that inspiration.

This five-storied structure was designed by Lal Chand Ustad as an extension of the City Palace. Starting from the City Palace’s edge, Hawa Mahal extends to the women’s chambers aka zenana. During those days, the Purdah system was strictly followed and Royal Rajpur women weren’t allowed to show their face to strangers or even appear in public. The palace comprises 953 windows which enabled them to get a glimpse of the day-to-day activities and festivities happening on the street below without appearing in public.

Architecture
Hawa Mahal, one of the best places to visit in Jaipur, features a splendid fusion of Islamic, Mughal, and Rajput architectural styles. Its domed canopies, floral patterns, lotus motifs, and fluted pillars, all reflect the rich Rajput style. Complementing these elements is the filigree work in stone and lavish arches, both of which draw influence from the Islamic style of architecture.

Designed in red and pink sandstone, this one-of-its-kind palace boasts of a pyramidal shape. It has five stories and rises up to a height of 50 feet. The 953 windows featured on the front part of the palace lend it a honeycombed hive look. Thanks to the exceptional latticework on these windows, the palace experiences a cooling effect as the breeze blows in through them. Delicately designed hanging cornices are another attractive aspect of Hawa Mahal’s architecture.

The interiors of the palace consist of pillared chambers and minimally ornamented corridors that reach up to the top floor. Patios adorn the front part of the first and second floors. Unlike the lower two floors, the top three floors have a width that’s not more than a single room. There are fountains adorning the center of the building’s courtyard.

Things to Do
Of course, one thing that you can indulge in Jaipur is shopping. Shop to your heart’s delight at the various stalls and shops nearby and buy memorabilia, handicrafts, clothes, bags, footwear, jewelry and so on. Do bargain well.

Interesting Facts About Hawa Mahal
1.It was an architect named Lal Chand Ustad who designed Hawa Mahal. Built in red and pink sand stone, the Hawa Mahal is not actually a palace but more of a gallery, used by royal women of those times.
2.The architectural style is a combination of Hindu-Rajput-Islamic styles. The fluted pillars, floral patterns, lotus motifs, canopies symbolise Rajput architecture while the filigree work, arches, etc are derived from Islamic architecture. Nevertheless, the combination looks so amazing that you may want to spend hours admiring the craftsmanship and beauty of Hawa Mahal.
3.The architectural designs also resemble honey comb.
4.It is also believed that the Hawa Mahal is shaped like Lord Krishna’s crown, as Sawai Pratap Singh was an ardent Krishna devotee.
5.You enter Hawa Mahal complex through an imposing door, and you step into a beautiful courtyard. There are two-storied buildings on three sides. Hawa Mahal is on the east side.
6.One of the floors is actually known as Vichitra Mandir or the strange floor. It is said that this was the favorite spot of Sawai Pratap Singh, who spend hours sitting here praying to his favorite deity, Lord Krishna and composing poems in praise of the Lord.
7.To enter Hawa Mahal, you have to go through the rear end and not from the front.
8.Hawa Mahal is a delight to look at when the early morning sunlight falls on the structure, lighting it up it in its style.
9.Hawa Mahal is now under the care or ASI or the Archaeological Survey of India.
10.A museum is housed in the premises where ancient artefacts of Rajput rulers and region are displayed.
11.A unique feature about Hawa Mahal is that it does not stand on a foundation, the tallest such building in the world. Since there is no foundation, the structure stands at a leaning position at 87 degrees.
12.Another interesting feature about the architecture is that though five-storied, there are not stairs to reach the floors but only ramps.

Importance
Hawa Mahal looks like a crown of Lord Krishna, which is significant to the devotion of Sawai Pratap Singh in Lord Krishna. It is believed that it was built so that the Royal ladies could enjoy the street functions and festivals without being revealed to the audience, without any disagreement to their Purdah System

Best time to visit
The palace was renovated in 2006 at an estimated expense of 4.568 million rupees to lend it a facelift. The best time to visit Hawa Mahal is during the sunrise and sunset hours when the golden sun rays light up the whole red and pink structure in a spellbinding manner.

5.Jantar Mantar

History
Built in the early 18th century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, it is a conglomeration of fixed stones and very large structures. Each has its specific usage. The main reason for it being built was because of the Maharaja’s fascination with celestial objects and movement of different bodies in the sky.

Jantar Mantar in Jaipur has 19 large instruments with very specific purposes, the most popular and prominent one being- the Samrat Yantra. It is considered to be largest sundial of the country.
The complete construction of this magnificent monument was concluded in 1734. The main highlight of the instruments is to view observation of celestial objects with the naked eye. It is based on the Ptolemaic positional astronomy that has shared similarities amongst many civilizations over the years.

Architecture
The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur is a collection of 19 astronomical instruments built by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur, Rajasthan. The monument was completed in 1734.

Things to do
1.Visit the Hawa Mahal
2.Explore the City Palace
3.Take a tour of the Albert Hall Museum

Interesting fact about Jantar Mantar
1.This monument is protected & maintained by Archaeological Survey of India.
2.The Samrat Yantra is world’s largest sundial with height of 27 meters.
3.The Samrat Yantra sundial is precise up to 3 seconds
4.An amount of 100000-150000 Indian Rupees were spent on its construction in 18th century

Importance
The Jantar Mantar observatory in Jaipur constitutes the most significant and best preserved set of fixed monumental instruments built in India in the first half of the 18th century; some of them are the largest ever built in their categories.

Best time to visit
The best time of the day to visit Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is noon. During mid-day, the Sun is vertically above and it is easy to understand the process of interpretation of the readings of each instrument

6.Galtaji Temple

About
Located on the outskirts of the regal city of Jaipur, Galtaji Temple is a prehistoric Hindu pilgrimage site. Outlined by the striking Aravalli hills, it consists of several shrines, holy kunds, pavilions and natural springs. This majestic temple is situated at the heart of a hilly terrain that is bounded by a beautiful gorge that attracts tourists here every year. Galtaji Temple was built using pink colour sandstone and is a vast temple complex housing varied shrines. Located inside the City Palace, the walls of this temple are beautifully adorned with carvings and paintings that make this place worth visiting. The Galtaji temple is unique in its architecture and has been constructed like a palace.

It is situated in the Aravalli hills and is bound by thick plush trees and bushes. This remarkable building is decorated with painted walls, round roofs and pillars. Apart from the kunds, this pre-historic Hindu pilgrimage place also has temples of Lord Ram, Lord Krishna and Lord Hanuman within the temple. One of the main tourist destinations of Jaipur, the temple complex boasts of natural freshwater springs and seven holy 'kunds' or water tanks. Among these kunds, the 'Galta Kund', is the holiest one and is believed never to get dry. Pure and clear water flows from the 'Gaumukh', a rock shaped like a cow's head, into the tanks.
This spectacular temple is designed to look more like a grand palace or 'haveli' than a traditional temple. The Galta Monkey Temple has a scenic and gorgeous landscape featuring rich green vegetation and has a spectacular sight of the Jaipur city. This temple is known for the many tribes of monkeys that are found here and the religious hymns and chants, along with the natural setting, offer a peaceful ambience to tourists.

History
The magnificent pink sandstone structure is said to have been built by Diwan Rao Kriparam who was a courtier of Sawai Jai Singh II. Since the early 16th century, Galtaji has been a haven for the puritans belonging to the Ramanadi sect and under the occupation of the Jogis. It is believed that Saint Galtav spent all this life at this sacred site, performing Tapasya for a hundred years. Pleased by his devotion, the Gods appeared before him and blessed his place of worship with copious water. To venerate this rishi, the Galtaji Temple was constructed here and named after him. Legend says that sections of the holy Ramcharitra Manas were written at this spot by Tulsidas. Galav is said to have meditated here for many decades and was blessed with springs. This is also the reason why the temple complex is named after the sage. Legend says that sections of the holy Ramcharitra Manas were written at this spot by Tulsidas. Galav is said to have meditated here for many decades and was blessed with springs. This is also the reason why the temple complex is named after the sage.

Architeture
It features traditional Rajputana architecture with richly ornamented facades, fresco paintings, haveli architecture, pavilions with Kunds and natural water springs. Join the walk to explore the various facts and stories behind the temple complex and the importance it holds for the city.

Things to Do
1.Take a dip in the holy waters of the kunds.
2.Watch the beautiful sunset from the sun temple.
3.Feed peanuts and bananas to the playful monkeys.

Interesting fact about Galta Temple
1.The temple was built in the 18th century and since then has been one of the pilgrim sites for the Hindus.
2.The temple was built under the supervision of Diwan Rao Kriparam who was an attendant to Sawai Jai Singh.
3.A saint named Saint Galav is said to have spent 100 years here doing his tapasya and as a tribute a temple is named after him.
4.The water in the kunds are considered to be holy and never dry out.
5.Taking a dip in these waters is said cleanse all the sins of a person.
6.This temple is adorned with beautiful architecture and paintings on the walls and pillars that give people an idea of the Hindu Mythology.
7.Galta Ji is a dwelling ground for a number of monkey tribes that happen to be very friendly with tourists.
8.The sunsets from the sun temple is phenomenal and is a must watch while visiting Jaipur.

Importance
It is believed that the temple was built by Diwan Rao Kriparam back in the 15th century, and has been an important location for meditation yogis since the 16th century. It is named after Saint Galtav who spent his life meditating here

Best Time to Visit
The temple is open all days of the year between 5:00 AM to 9:00 PM. Entry is free for all irrespective of nationality or faith. Best Time To Visit Galta Ji Jaipur: The best time to visit Galta Ji in Jaipur is, between February and March as well as between October and December.

7.Birla Mandir

About
The Birla Temple, originally known as Lakshmi Narayan Temple, and is situated below the Moti Dungri Fort in Jaipur. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, this temple is a proud architectural landmark of Jaipur. Built in pure white marble, the Birla Temple is unlike the traditional ancient Hindu temples, and is built with a modern approach. Inside this magnificent shrine, beautifully sculpted idols of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, as well as other Hindu Gods and Goddesses, can be seen. Delicate carvings of Hindu symbols, and ancient quotes from the Geeta and the Upanishads ornament the walls of this fascinating temple. One can also recognize the mythological events engraved on the walls. Apart from the religious idols, pictures and figures of several religious saints, philosophers and historical achievers, like Socrates, Buddha, Zarathustra and Confucius, are also included in the temple. A work of art, this temple truly represents architectural beauty, in a modern form

History
According to history, the Birla temple was built on the land given to the Birla family by the Maharaja, for just a token sum of one rupee. One of India's most famous business families, B.M Birla Foundation, built this temple in the year 1988.

Architeture
The temple is made of white marble. There are four distinct parts of the temple: its sanctum, tower, main hall, and entrance. It has three towers, referencing the three main faiths of India as well as stained glass windows depicting traditional Hindu stories. Marble sculptures also reference Hindu mythology. It features Hindu deities inside - particularly Lakshmi, Narayan, and Ganesh - and figures such as Christ, the Virgin Mary, St. Peter, Buddha, Confucius, and Socrates on the outer walls. Statues of its founders - Rukmani Devi Birla and Braj Mohan Birla - lie outdoors in covered pavilions, facing the temple with hands folded in namaskāra mudra Its architectural style is considered to be modern. It was built on a raised platform, which lifts it up into the Jaipur skyline; at night, it becomes covered in light. In addition to the temple itself, the grounds include gardens and a small gift shop. Below the temple lies the B. M. Birla Family Museum and the Sri and Smt. G. P. Birla Gallery; both contain photographs of the temple's construction and the Birla family's philanthropic contributions, as well as treasures belonging to the Birla family.

Things to Do
1.Loose yourself in the serenity of the place.
2.Check out the drawings on the walls and the quotes from the scripts from the holy books like Bhagvad Gita.
3.Experience the rhythm of the soulful aarti during the evenings or mornings make all your stress wash away.

Interesting Facts About Birla Mandir
1.The temple is made completely of elegant white marble.
2.The temple is popularly known as Lakshmi Narayan Mandir
3.The 3 domes of the temple signify the 3 religions that originated in this country.
4.Birla Mandir is considered as one of the finest temples in India.
5.The land on which this temple stands on was given to the Birla’s by the Maharaja for a mere token of 1 rupees.
6.The temple devoted to Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi.

Importance
Birla Mandir, Jaipur (Lakshmi Narayan Temple) is a Hindu temple located in Jaipur, India and is one of many Birla mandirs. It was built by the B.M. Birla Foundation in 1988 and is constructed solely of white marble.

Best Time To Visit
The best time to visit this temple is between the months of October to March. In this temple, 'Janmashtami', the birth anniversary of Lord Krishna, is celebrated with great enthusiasm and gusto; that is the time you would witness the glamour of this temple at its fullest scale. The regular visiting hours are between, 8.00 AM to 12.00 Noon and 4.00 PM to 8.00 PM every day. At night, one can witness the temple illuminated beautifully, against the dark skyline.

8.Albert Hall Museum

About
The museum built in the year 1876, lies within the Ram Niwas Garden, Jaipur, and the oldest one in the state of Rajasthan.

It was first envisaged as a concert hall, bearing a resemblance to Victorian architecture and Albert Hall Museum, London.

The museum boasts of a wide range of objet d'art collected from various parts of the world and displayed over 16 galleries. With sundown, Albert Hall Museum assumes a completely new look because the whole building glimmers with brilliant yellow lights, looking stunning and spectacular.

The museum is the epitome of the rich history and culture of India.

Bordered by verdant gardens, the museum is a sight to behold for travelers flocking to Jaipur from all over the world.

The museum galleries feature numerous works of art and antique items including marble art, antique coins, Egyptian mummy, carpets, and pottery.

Besides, you can also see varied paintings, portraits, woodwork, brassware, and sculptures on display.

The museum also houses some of the best fineries, especially ceremonial dresses, worn by the royal family members. The museum is a must-visit for history buffs. The Indo-Saracenic style domes and elaborately engraved arches built of sandstone are sure to leave you awestruck.

Albert Hall also features an aviary, a greenhouse, as well as a zoo to delight tourists

History
The building of Albert Hall Museum was built in 1876 as a concert hall. The museum gets its name from the Victoria and Albert Museum of London, because of the similarity of architecture. The foundation for the building started in 1876, when Prince of Wales visited Jaipur. When the building was constructed, the royals and government did not have any idea about usage of the building. It was initially used as Town Hall in 1880. Later, the King of Jaipur, Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II suggested to use it as a museum for Industrial Arts. Later, the hall was used for displaying masterpieces of local artisans.

In 1881, the museum was at its prime beauty and people from across the country visited this museum to buy or enjoy handicrafts, artwork and other masterpieces. However, the building was under construction until 1887. Later, the museum started to showcase artifacts and ancient artworks along with budding artist’s masterpieces.

Architeture
The building holds Indo-Saracenic architecture and exclusive stone ornamentation. The museum was famous for its architectural beauty since its inauguration. The corridors of the museum hold numerous mural paintings, Persian painting and others. The murals on display expresses ancient civilization and reigns like Green, Babylonian, Chinese and others.

Insteresting Fact about Albert Hall Musum

  1. The museum is also called the Government Central Museum and the oldest museum in Rajasthan. The museum was designed by Samuel Swinton Jacob, a British architect.
  2. It’s been christened after King Albert Edward VII. You can see the perfect mix of Indo-Saracenic architecture when visiting the museum.
  3. Initially, Albert Hall planned as a town hall but later, Madho Singh II designed it in the form of a museum. The museum is 133 years old.
  4. Rudyard Kipling, a British journalist, poet, and short-story writer was so astounded by the aura, historical significance, and architecture of Albert Hall that he wrote, “It is now a rebuke to all other museums in India from Calcutta downwards.”

Tourist Attractions near Albert Hall Museum -

  1. Hawa Mahal
  2. Amber Fort
  3. Jantar Mantar
  4. Nahargarh Fort
  5. Jal Mahal

Importance
Architecture. Featuring Indo-Saracenic architecture and stone ornamentation, Albert Hall Museum became an iconic structure soon after its completion. Also, it became a great source of reference for varied classical Indian styles of design and architecture which came from Mughal to Rajput eras.

Best Time To Visit
Rajasthan is hot during the summers and therefore the best time to visit the Albert Hall Museum is during the winter months, from November to February.

You will find the climate cool, enjoyable, and comfortable, which is ideal for exploring the other architectural wonders of Jaipur. Avoid summer because the heat is scorching and unbearable

9.Nahargarh Biological Park

About
As per the part of Nahargarh Sanctuary, Nahargarh Biological Park, is situated around 12 km from Jaipur on the Jaipur-Delhi superhighway. It envelops an extensive area of 720 hectares and is arranged under the Aravalli hills. The Park is well known for its immense vegetation, and its fundamental point is to moderate it. It additionally bends over as an incredible place to teach individuals and direct research on existing widely varied flora. At Nahargarh Biological Park, bird watcher can hope to see more than 285 types of birds, of which, the most well-known is the white-capped tit, which must be found here. When you visit the Park, ensure you likewise go to Ram Sagar, which is a well-known among bird watchers and makes for an incredible places to get distinctive assortments of birds. The Nahargarh Zoological Park is likewise worth a visit and houses animals, for example, Asiatic lions, Bengal tigers, pumas, hyenas, wolves, deer, crocodiles, sloth bear, Himalayan mountain bear, wild hog, and so on.

History
In the year 2013, the construction of this natural park had begun. It took 3 years for its completion of construction. In the year 2016, it was inaugurated by the Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje and from that point forward it is open for the common travelers

Things to do
he design of the sanctuary is great made, it is sorted out as per the natural surroundings of the animals and the plant species and furthermore the comfort of the general public is kept in mind. It comprises of rocks and secured by the tropical rain forest. These animals are provided a safe shelter in National Biological Park. The animals in the sanctuary have been furnished with good foods and great care. The administrators in this park are additionally exceptionally animal-friendly and deal with animals with full devotion. Animals from the Jaipur Zoo and Ram Niwas Garden Zoo of Jaipur had been moved to this park in June 2016.

This Park is the normal territory of some uncommon plant species, lions, tigers and other wild animals and birds which isn't extremely regular to the general population. As per the Central Zoo Authority, Nahargarh Biological Park at present has 23 lions and 12 tigers. Animals, for example, Asiatic lions, Bengal tigers, jaguars, hyenas, wolves, deer, crocodiles, sloth bear, Himalayan mountain bear, wild hog, animals like Leopard, Asiatic Lion, Sloth Bear, Caracal, and a few types of Deer, Gharials, Crocodile, Pangolin Jackal, Wild Dog, Wolf, Hyena, Jungle Civet and Fishing Cats, Common and Desert Fox, Rhesus Monkey and Langur, the assortment of some rare birds can likewise be found in the sanctuary.

An astonishing work of art is done at the Nahargarh Biological Park by the group of the craftsman from The Ranthambore School of art. Wonderful works of art, paw characteristics of various animals are painted on the tile floor of the sanctuary. The kids think that it’s alluring. The delightful idea driving making this natural park is to manufacture enthusiasm among the general population for the sanctuary just as to advance it as an eco-system travel industry destination. Rajasthan government is doing their best to overhaul this park for traveler reason.

The best thing about this park is animals are not confined and they can uninhibitedly wander. Eatables are not permitted in the sanctuary but rather you should keep your Cap, Glasses and Water Bottle with you. It is a fantastic place to go through a quality day with the family and companions far from the packed city in the tranquil condition near nature.

NAHARGARH PARK ELEPHANT SAFARI
The Nahargarh Elephant Safari is a two-kilometer-long safari which permits a Sura Ka Baori pond in the route as a resting place while the travel. Wild animals and birds can be found in huge numbers here. This course has an elevated view point where distinctive types of impalas and deer can be watched. A portion of the outlandish animals known to possess the sanctuary and can be seen from the elephant Safari are tiger, panther, lion, jaguar, sloth bear, caracal, deer, gharial, crocodile, pangolin, jackal, wild canine, wolf, hyena, civet, ratel, otter, fox, rhesus monkey and langur.

The Nahargarh Elephant Safari turns into a one of a kind ordeal for vacationers to acknowledge and appreciate nature in an extremely energizing and charming way. The birds and other wild animals in the sanctuary ordinarily don't get irritated by the elephant which is a wild creature even in imprisonment. A move to the hills on elephant back is additionally advanced by the eminent perspectives of the wilderness and hills. Nahargarh Biological Park is delegate by three environments for example Aravalli Eco-framework, Wetland Ecosystem, and Desert Ecosystem. The normal natural surroundings of every one of these biological communities can likewise be delighted in amid the elephant ride.

Through this relaxation Elephant Safari of Nahargarh Biological Park one can see the wonderful line of fowls in the sanctuary. Sightseers will encounter a standout amongst the best assorted Eco-framework techniques in the Nahargarh Biological Park is the decent variety of avifauna which is without a doubt astounding. In winter season the sanctuary is visited by several transient water birds like an expansive cormorant, dark leg-goose, coot, stick tail, blue-greens and the encompassing backwoods are visited by brilliant back woodpecker, Indian pitta, and other wonderful birds. The occupant birds of the sanctuary are likewise worth referencing. The uncommon birds’ white-snoozed tit is a typical types of the sanctuary. Other than this, the peacock, dark partridge, short-eared owl, dim hornbill, tree-pie, different hawks and different birds are likewise found in this park. The Elephant Safari will take around six to seven hours to finish.

Insteresting Facts About Nahargarh Biological Park
Thousands of Indian tourists visit this park every day.

Being a biological park in Nahargarh Sanctuary, there is a dense forest all around.

Nahargarh Zoological Park is situated amidst hills and forest near Amer.

Tourists visit the park to enjoy nature and see wildlife.

Apart from wildlife, tourists get to see a pleasant environment all around in the park.

Flight, train and bus facilities are available to the travelers to reach here.

Nahargarh Zoological Park is one of the adventure tourist places in Rajasthan.

The park is popular for elephant safaris and eco-tourism.

Importance
It is the most successful zoological park of Rajasthan in terms of conservation breeding. Many species like tiger, asiatic lion, porcupine, Indian wolf, hyena apart from various antelopes and deer have bred successfully here.

Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit the park is in early winter October to February. If you are visiting in summer, try to go in the mornings and not in the afternoon. The noon in summer is really hot and you will not enjoy your visit to the Park

10.City Palace

about
Widely popular as the Pink City, Jaipur is known for being a major attraction in the Rajasthan state, India. Back in 1727, Jaipur has been founded by the infamous Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and developed with old age attractions. Known for the remarkable past, City Palace Jaipur is one of the important places in the city. This heritage monument boasts the blend of Mughal, European and Rajputana architecture together and as a result, this palace stands out as a symbol depicting the richness and royalty of the Indian history. The City Palace Jaipur is actually a big complex located inside a portentous building with other halls, palaces, gardens, gateways and holy shrines. This place is actually built as a residence for the royal families.

History
City Palace, Jaipur was constructed between 1729-1732, in Jaipur as it paints the picture of heritage and rich culture. Sawai Jai Singh II has started the work of this palace, exclusively the exterior architecture of the building. Moving from Amber, he has moved to the Jaipur city because of the increase in water shortage problem which resulted in an inadequate supply of water to people. Further, he called Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali Architect who has designed the complex following the rules of Vastushastra which is why till today, City Palace is listed as the prime attraction of the state.

Architecture
The City Palace, Jaipur contains pavilions, gardens, and temples of different shapes and sizes. There are huge gateways which provide entry to the complex like the Tripoli (Three gates), the Udai Pol and the Virendra Pol. While the latter two are open for public, the former one allows the royal families to pass through it. The essential highlights of the place include the Chandra Mahal, the Mukut Mahal, the Shri Govind Dev Ji Temple, the Maharani’s Palace, the Mubarak Mahal, and the City Palace Museum.

Things to Do
1.Shopping at the Museum shops or outside the local markets.
2.Visit Museum.
3.Interactive learning programs for children.

Insteresting Facts about The City Palace
1.The City Palace was built by Sawai Jai Singh who is also known as the founder of Jaipur City. The credit of building Hawa Mahal and Jantar Mantar also goes to him.
2.Though the main architects behind the magnificent City Palace were Vidyadhar Bhattacharya and Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh also contributed to the architectural design of the palace.
3.There are three main gates to the palace which are Tripolia Gate, Virendra Pol and Udai Pol.
4.There are also four smaller gates in the third courtyard which are believed to represent four seasons.
5.The peacock or the Mor Gate represents the autumn season and there are 3D models of peacocks at the gate giving it a magical view.
6.The Lotus Gate was to symbolize the summer season while the Leheriya Gate for the spring season.
7.The Rose Gate is the winter gate. All these gates are decorated likewise and it is a sheer delight to just look at these gates, and entering it is a bliss.
8.Today, there are two parts of the palace, one which is opened for the public and also has a museum, and the other for the residence of the royal family – the descendants who live here even now.
9.One of the famous items in the City Palace are two silver jars which have found place in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest silver vessels in the world.
10.Apart from Mubarak Mahal and the Chandra Mahal, there are Pritam Niwas Chowk, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Bhaggi Khana, Maharani Palace and the Govind Dev Ji Temple – an 18th century structure.
11.The Chandra Mahal, Maharani Palace and the Bhaggi Khana have been converted into museums.
12.Mubarak Mahal is a museum dedicated to royal textiles. You can see the dresses worn by queens and kings.
13.The clothes worn by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I is quite a treat to the eyes as he was believed to have weighed 250 kgs.
14.Baggi Khana is a place dedicated to chariots and coaches. The two prime attractions are the chariot which was used to carry the royal deity and a European Cab which was gifted to Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II by Queen Victoria herself.
15.The Silehkhana has a great and fine collection of weapons and handguns used during the time. There are swords, knives, arrows, axes, and so on. The personal weapons of the kings are also displayed here.

Importance
Jaipur is the present-day capital of the state of Rajasthan, and until 1949 the City Palace was the ceremonial and administrative seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur. The Palace was also the location of religious and cultural events, as well as a patron of arts, commerce, and industry.

Best time to Visit
October to February